Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend World Physiotherapists & Physicians Summit Melbourne, Australia.

Day 2 :

  • Womens Health & Palliative Care Advancements in Physiotherapeutic treatments Manual Physiotherapy Strategies Disability and Management
Location: 2

Session Introduction

Subramanian Makesh Babu

Adhiparasakthi College of Physiotherapy Tamil Nadu, India

Title: Hazards, Menace and Consequences of Physical Inactivity – A Global Perspective

S. Makesh Babu has completed Bachelor of Physiotherapy from The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R.Medical University, Chennai and completed Mater of Physiotherapy with Specialization - Orthopaedics & Traumatology from Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, India. Currently he is pursuing PhD. He has been in clinical and teaching Physiotherapy for the past 15 years. Presently he is working as Professor in Adhiparasakthi College of Physiotherapy, Tamil Nadu, India. He has received “Award of Professional Excellence” in 5th National Physiotherapy Conference (2017) Organized by School of Physiotherapy, VELS UNIVERSITY, Chennai, India and had received Dr. M.G. Mokashi “Best Physiotherapist Best Teacher Award” in the National Level Physiotherapy Conference - PHYSIO-CON 2016, Srinagar, India. He is a peer reviewer for the African Journal of Health Sciences since 2008 and has been co-author of research papers for National and International academics. His areas of research interests are Physical Activity, Women’s Health, Orthopaedic and Geriatric Rehabilitation.                           




Statement of the Problem/Background: Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that require energy expenditure. World Health Organization (2002) reports that about 60% of the global population do not do the daily minimum recommendation of 30 min of moderate intensity physical activity. In all developing countries, the levels of inactivity have been becoming virtually high and a great problem even in rapidly growing large cities of the world. According to the world Health Survey reports 9.4% Indian men are physically inactive which is the highest of physical inactivity in the Southeast Asian Region (countries include – India, Srilanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar) and Physical inactivity level of Indian women were reported as 15.6% which is the second place next to Bangladesh (27.0%). The studies performed by the various researchers from various countries among college students have been found to have moderate to poor physical activity levels/habits.

Objectives of the study: The primary objective of the study was to find out the level of Physical Activity among Physiotherapy students in a South Indian college setting. Secondary objective of the study was to find out the association between physical activity with selected variables.

Methodology: The study design was a cross sectional survey. A total of 60 participants comprising of 30 male and 30 female students were selected for the study by means of convenience sampling. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to identify the physical activity level of the students. IPAQ assesses physical activity undertaken across a comprehensive set of domains including: (a) leisure time physical activity (b) domestic and gardening (yard) activities (c) work-related physical activity (d) transport-related physical activity. Physical Activity levels were correlated with the selected variables. Conclusion: The data concluded that physical activity levels of male students are high compared to female students.


J. Baran et al. (2016) Physical activity of physiotherapy students of the University of Rzeszów and its impact on the subjects’ body composition. The 4th European Congress of the ER-WCPT / Physiotherapy 102S (2016) eS67–eS282.


Humeda S. Ahmed, Mohammed E. M. Khalid, Osama M. Osman, Mansour A. Ballal,1 and Fahaid H. Al-Hashem (2016) The association between physical activity and overweight and obesity in a population of children at high and low altitudes in Southwestern Saudi Arabia. J Family Community Med. 2016 May-Aug; 23(2): 82–87.

Roshini Rajappan, Karthikeyan Selvaganapathy, Lola Liew (2015) Physical Activity Level Among University Students: A Cross Sectional Survey. International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research, Vol 3(6):1336-43. ISSN 2321-1822.

A. Mihailova, I. Kaminska, and A. Bernane (2014) Physical activity in physiotherapy and physical education high school students. SHS Web of Conferences 10, 00025.

Regina Guthold, MPH, Tomoko Ono, MPH, Kathleen L. Strong, PhD, Somnath Chatterji, MD, Alfredo Morabia, MD, PhD (2008) Worldwide Variability in Physical Inactivity A 51-Country Survey. Am J Prev Med 34(6):486-94.


I have the qualifications of a B Phty, and a MPH. My dissertation was an analysis of the Australian Diabetes Screening Study, and this was published in the Medical Journal of Australia. My research gate profile is, listing 14 research items [publications], which have been read over 1500 times and there has been approximately 250 citations. My website is at; Deborah Hilton Statistics Online  My CV lists 11 peer reviewed publications, 1 manuscript acknowledgement, I grant successfully applied for, 22 poster presentations, 1 book acknowledgement, 7 paper conference presentations, and other adhoc work including 18 short articles written.



Statement of the Problem: Physiotherapists utilize evidence-based physiotherapy/medicine principles routinely and hence need to interpret literature and research evidence being outcomes reported in systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials quickly and efficiently. Subsequent decision-making involves using this evidence in conjunction with their professional expertise and experience as it relates to individual patients. Various statistics and summary measures are reported in the literature and outcomes may be continuous or dichotomous in nature and hence reported statistics vary.  Commonly calculated statistics include the relative risk, relative risk reduction and absolute risk reduction. The number needed to treat [NNT] statistic is another option that may aide interpretation and this describes the number who need to be treated with the intervention for one to improve whom would not have improved otherwise with control treatment. While reported to varying degrees in the scientific literature more recently it can be efficiently and reliably calculated using one of many downloadable spreadsheets.                                  Methodology:  The Australian Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) was searched in order to locate a selection of physiotherapy research articles that reported various dichotomous outcomes that could be converted to the NNT statistic for the purpose of this analysis.

Findings: The NNT statistic for nine studies with a PEDro score ³6 was calculated using the Internet-based downloadable spreadsheet on the PEDro website. For six studies, the NNT point estimates ranged from 2 to 4 (95% confidence interval 1–10). One study had a NNT of 8, while two other studies produced number needed to harm values. Conclusion & Significance: The NNT can be calculated quickly and efficiently using Internet-based calculators and/or other decision-making tools, and may be an alternative that provides readily interpretable information to assist in conveying the likely benefits (and/or risks) of treatment to patients.



  • Hilton DJ.  2016. The global children’s challenge program; pedometer step count in an Australian school. International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering. 10: 588-591.
  • Hilton DJ.  2014 Computational Methods in Official Statistics with an Example on Calculating and Predicting Diabetes Mellitus [DM] Prevalence in Different Age Groups within Australia in Future Years, in Light of the Aging Population. International Journal of Mathematical, Computational, Physical and Quantum Engineering 8: 1208-1212.
  • Kabra SK, Lodha R, Hilton DJ. 2008 Antibiotics for preventing complications in children with measles. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 3. Art. No.: CD001477. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001477.pub3.
  • Hilton D, Reid C, Paratz J. 2006 An under-used yet easily understood statistic: the number needed to treat. Physiotherapy 92: 239-245.
  • Rosenfeldt F, Hilton D, Pepe S, Krum H. 2003 Systematic review of effect of coenzyme Q10 in physical exercise, hypertension and heart failure. Biofactors 18: 91-100.