Anum Haider Ladak
Memon Medical Institute and Hospital, Pakistan
Anum Haider Ladak has completed her MSc from Liaquat National Hospital in Neuro Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. She is working as a Physiotherapist in Aga Khan Hospital, Pakistan.
Background: Hypertension is the leading cardio vascular problem worldwide. Hypertension persist in the patient for a long time without any symptom which results in weakening of coronary vessels. Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke, neuropathy and coronary artery disease. Increased blood pressure and lack of exercise are strongly associated with each other.
Aim & Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of lower limb (cycling) and upper limb exercises (arm stretch trainer) in reducing blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
Method: Case control study was performed on 80 participants with the age between 40-60 years. Participants taken for the study were divided into two groups. Group A with 40 participants were receiving upper limb exercises and the Group B with 40 participants were receiving lower limb exercises. Total 10 sessions of both type of exercises were administered.
Result: A statistically significant difference was found in systolic and diastolic pressure before and after the exercises. Systolic blood pressure was reduced to 133.95±4.187 after lower limb exercise and 171.800±5.616 after upper limb exercise. Whereas, diastolic blood pressure was reduced to 84.500±2.83 by using lower limb cycling exercise and 92.27±3.40 by using upper limb exercise. T test result shows p value less than 0.005 of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Conclusion: Both the exercises have impact in reducing blood pressure but patients who want quick recovery should go for lower limb exercises.